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Laminate flooring instructions

Instructions applicability brands or collections

laminate flooring install

LAMINATE FLOORING INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS

Note: The floor layer must examine the laying surface before installing the floor covering and, if necessary, report any issues. Particularly in the case of:

  • Significant unevenness
  • Cracks in the substrate
  • Insufficiently dry substrate
  • A substrate surface which is not solid enough, too porous or too rough
  • A contaminated substrate surface, e.g. due to oil, wax, lacquers, paint residues
  • Incorrect substrate surface elevation with regard to the elevation of subsequent components
  • Unsuitable substrate temperature
  • Unsuitable indoor climate
  • Lack of heating protocol in heated floor constructions
  • Lack of insulation strip protrusion
  • Lack of measurement point markings in heated floor constructions
  • Lack of joint plan
  • Underfloor heating
  • Hot water underfloor heating systems with a max. surface temperature of 27°C only. We recommend applying a suitable levelling compound to level out unevenness. Please observe the instructions of building material suppliers.

Acclimatization

  • laminate flooring should be left to acclimatize horizontally for at least 24 hours, unopened in stacks of max. 3 boxes, before installing it in the areas, taking the following requirements into account:
  • Indoor climate conditions
  • Room air temperature > 18°C
  • Floor temperature should be at least 15°C and no more than 25°C
  • Relative humidity should be between 50% and a maximum of 65%.
  • Interlayers and impact sound underlays
  • Depending on the existing subfloor, interlayers could have a significant impact on living comfort. Some collections include an integrated impact sound insulation underlay;
  • Condition of the subfloor
  • The maximum height tolerance must not exceed 3 mm per meter or, for tile edges, 1 mm over 10 cm. Textile floor coverings and needlefelt must be removed. Removing old floor coverings is recommended as a matter of principle.

Subfloors

  • laminate flooring can be installed as a floating floor on all types of screeds, existing wood flooring, floorboards and chipboard flooring, on PVC, plastic flooring, and linoleum, as well as on stone, ceramic and marble floors (carry out thorough cleaning before installation). Textile floor coverings must be removed!
  • An additional vapors barrier made from a PE film which is at least 0.2 mm thick (or technically equivalent) is generally recommended for mineral subfloors.
  • An overlapping PE or screed film with a thickness of at least 1.2 mm must be used for rooms without a cellar, vaulted ceilings and passageways. The overlaps must be attached with a suitable sealant as a moisture barrier. This also applies to installations in rooms with particularly high levels of humidity and installations made directly on concrete.
  • The vapors barrier / moisture barrier is laid beneath the interlayer.
  • Then use the reflected walking sound- and impact sound reducing underlay material recommended. The procedure described above should also be used for floor coverings with a laminated insulating underlay. Insulating underlays decrease the sound transmission to other rooms, reduce the reflected walking sound and enhance the living comfort significantly.

Installation

  • In order to achieve an ideal installation result with as little material waste as possible, we recommend measuring the corresponding surface and arranging the material format and laying pattern accordingly. Ensure you have a joint offset of at least 30 cm in order to achieve a visually appealing laying pattern.
  • Always work from left to right during installation. Ensure the panel tongue sides are facing the wall. Install the panels with the front side facing the main source of light in the room. You can improve the inherent stability of the installed floor by installing long, narrow areas in the longitudinal direction.
  • Use suitable spacers to ensure that you have a completely consistent expansion joint with a minimum width of 10 mm. You must also ensure you maintain a 10 mm distance to all fixtures in the room such as pipe openings, door frames, etc. The expansion joint must not be covered with silicone, electric cables, or the like.
  • Place the first element of the second row in the groove of the element which is already situated on the floor.
  • Take the next element, insert it at an angle, head-side first into the element which is already flat on the floor and insert it as tightly as possible into the longitudinal edge of the row which has already been laid. Then place both hands under the element that has already been laid and lift it slightly (this will also lift the adjacent element slightly).
  • Then interlock the longitudinal side by pulling the elements together. It helps to stand on the installed area at this point. As long as there is no visible gap between the elements, the connection has been sealed correctly and the element can be fully laid out flat on the floor. If a gap exists, repeat the previous process but with more pressure and check the row beforehand.
  • This installation technique should be applied to the rest of the rows.
  • In order to install the final row, measure the distance between the wall and the installed row and transfer to the panel. The last row to be installed should, if possible, correspond to half a panel width.
  • Spaces with an uninterrupted surface of 64 m2 can have the flooring installed without a joint; however, the double edge distance of approx. 10 mm must be observed. A side length of approx. 8m should not be exceeded. When it comes to extremely narrow, long rooms, suitable movement profiles must be used. Room areas which are interrupted by rising elements (pillars, partitions, doorways and the like) must be separated by expansion joints of at least 10 mm at the element height. When installing skirting boards, transition profiles or end profiles, ensure that the boards or profiles are never fastened to the floor covering.

Final tasks

  • Remove all spacing blocks
  • Seal expansion joints / pipe ducts, etc. with profiles / rosettes or with a suitable filling cord and joint sealant
  • If a stage of the work is complete but has not yet been accepted, please note that the contractor is subject to a duty of maintenance (protecting the floor covering against damage during subsequent stages of work).
  • If the stage of work has been partially accepted, the duty of maintenance for those areas that have been accepted transfers to the customer.

MAINTENANCE TIPS

PLEASE NOTE: ALL OF LAMINATE FLOORING CAN’T USE ANY STEAM MOP OR KITCHEN CLEANER!

General cleaning and care instructions for laminate

Preventative measures

Sufficiently sized textile clean-off zones of at least 4 to 6 running meters can reduce the amount of dirt brought into a property by up to 80%, significantly influencing the utility value of the flooring and the cleaning costs.

laminate flooring should be cleaned regularly, with the nature and extent of the cleaning depending on the area of application and frequency of use.

Cleaning and protective measures during construction: During the construction phase, dust, sand and any other loose dirt should be removed with a broom or vacuum cleaner. Once laid, the surface should be protected with a suitable cover during subsequent interior construction work.

Following the installation process, the floor covering must be protected against damage via suitable protective covers in areas that are regularly frequented during the construction phase. Moisture trapped under items of furniture must be avoided.

Chairs, tables and furniture legs must be protected with suitable protector pads or underlay.

Chair castors as well as chair and furniture gliders must be regularly maintained. Contact areas of chair and furniture gliders must lie completely flat and be rounded at the edges. Metal gliders can corrode when exposed to moisture and cause stains.

In the case of underfloor heating, the temperature of the surface covering must not persistently exceed 27 °C. This also applies if there is a carpet on top – trapped heat poses a danger!

Initial treatment

There is no need to treat laminate floors. The surface does not require a protective film. Film-forming care products are prohibited as they impair use and make the surfaces harder to clean.

Everyday cleaning

Clean the floor with a brush or vacuum cleaner to remove loose dust and dirt. Vacuuming is generally sufficient for everyday cleaning purposes. For more thorough everyday cleaning, we recommend using a cleaning agent such as BONA laminate cleaner or similar products. Please observe the instructions of the care product manufacturer!

When carrying out wet cleaning, please use water and cleaning agents sparingly (wipe with a damp cloth). Do not use any abrasive microfibers (scratching / scraping) to wipe the surface. Do not use film-forming cleaning agents.

For persistent stains, we recommend BONA stain remover or similar products.

Room climate

Today man spends most of his time in closed buildings. Living, working, eating, sleeping – everything takes place indoors. The indoor climate is therefore important for human well-being and depends on various factors:

This also applies to maintaining the value of your floor covering, so please ensure a healthy room climate of approx. 20 °C at 50 – 65 % relative humidity. The use of suitable humidifiers based on the evaporation principle is recommended. If the recommended relative humidity is not reached for a longer period of time (this is particularly the case during the heating periods), the dimensions and shape of floor coverings that consist mostly of natural raw materials and are not firmly bonded to the substrate may change.

General notes:

The compatibility of adhesive tape with laminate floor coverings should be checked in advance with the relevant manufacturer or the user of the floor covering.

The non-slip properties and safe-footing characteristics of floor coverings are significantly influenced by the application of dirt, cleaning frequency and the cleaning/maintenance products used. Please only use coordinated cleaning and maintenance products from one manufacturer. Abrasive cleaning powders, sanitary cleaners, acids and strong solvents can damage the covering surface or items of furniture.

All LAMINATE  floors coverings demonstrate excellent light fastness. It is not possible, however, to rule out the possibility of fading/changes in color in areas exposed to strong UV light on a long-term basis. Sufficiently sized shades can be used to minimize or prevent fading and changes in color.

Pigmented wound and hand disinfectants as well as hair dye or bleaching agents containing peroxide can cause irreversible discoloration. If you are unsure about using chemical coloring substances or food products, you should carry out a resistance test on an inconspicuous part of the flooring or on a not yet installed piece first.

This information is not intended to be exhaustive. Recommendations for products from the cleaning agent manufacturers are available on request.