世界流行地板表面工艺

地板表面工艺

​现在世界上最流行的几种实木地板表面处理工艺,了解更多关于涂漆,涂油,锯痕,仿古,手工等世界流行地板表面处理工艺。

涂漆

生产商使用大型涂漆生产线对地板进行淋漆,表面光泽度均匀,且有一定光泽,看起来十分干净舒适。现在的涂漆几乎都会添加UV防护紫外线,以保证地板不会因紫外线而变色。

涂漆产品的最大优点在于,它极易清洁,且不容易滞留灰尘,几乎不需要进行保养。但也较为容易被尖锐物品刮伤,而无法修复。

涂油

涂油一般都是使用手涂工艺,将自然油或木蜡油手搓入木材内部,几乎没有光泽,看起来更加天然,纹理更加自然。踩踏感几乎无限接近原木。

涂油产品的最大的优点在于,它踩踏感极好,而且是现在最环保的表面处理方法,并且表面刮伤后更加容易修复,但每6个月需要保养一次。

拉丝工艺

拉丝工艺是现在最流行的工艺之一,主要是通过拉丝机将地板表面凸凹有致,让木纹更加明显,具有较为立体的视觉感受。在拉丝工艺当中,又分为浅拉丝与深拉丝的区别。浅拉丝一般仅仅深入木层0.2毫米左右,手部可以感受到木纹。深拉丝深入木层0.8毫米左右,木纹感受更突出,但却会给清洁带来一些麻烦。这也是浅拉丝远比深拉丝更受欢迎的主要原因。

仿古工艺

仿古工艺地板是一种将地板人工做旧的工艺,它往往会与拉丝工艺同时出现,虽然仿古地板有仿古两个字,但是在实际装修过程中,仿古地板与现代家居搭配后却产生了质的变化,让家居除了现代以外更有了一些年代感。仿古地板大多是设计师们的最爱。

优点是设计感十足,感官对比非常强烈,但由于拉丝工艺表面对比手工地板还是会感到些许粗糙。

锯痕工艺

锯痕工艺是通过机械滚动强压后产生的一种较为新颖的工艺,它属于仿古地板当中的一类分支,但锯痕地板并不使用拉丝工艺,由于强压所以表面相对于拉丝地板更为光滑,而具有相当的独特性与原木感受,同样极受设计师喜爱。

锯痕工艺的优点在于设计感非常强烈,同时与北欧风装修非常匹配,但由于强压的工艺,锯齿痕工艺地板会在地板局部出现邹皮,并在切割时看到表面分离的情况,让购买者误以为这是产品质量问题。

纯手工工艺

地板工艺中的最高技艺,完全由手工进行表面处理,现在仅有意大利的一家地板生产商可以进行生产。

其外观与拉丝较为相似,但拉丝工艺为机械生产,表面感受较为粗糙,而纯手工工艺为人工雕琢打磨,因此其表面更加光润,触摸感及踩踏质非常细腻。同时地板表面也会留下人工雕琢痕迹。

纯手工工艺产品的整体设计及表面触摸感受为地板中最顶级,它的工艺方式让完全独立于任何工艺技术。

尽管它拥有种种优点,但由于生产量限制所以价格非常昂贵。

地板工艺当中不仅仅有以上工艺方式,还有包括手刮纹地板,金属漆地板,碳化地板等等,但由于这些工艺已经过时因此不过多阐述。

地板表面工艺

There are several most popular solid wood floor surface treatment processes in the world. Learn more about the world’s popular floor surface treatment processes such as painting, oiling, saw marks, antique, and handwork.
Paint
The manufacturer uses a large-scale paint production line to spray the floor with a uniform surface gloss and a certain gloss, which looks very clean and comfortable. Nowadays, almost all paints are added with UV protection to protect the floor from discoloration due to ultraviolet rays.
The biggest advantage of a painted product is that it is very easy to clean, not easy to retain dust, and almost no maintenance is required. But it is also easier to be scratched by sharp objects and cannot be repaired.
Oiled
Oiling is generally done by hand. Natural oil or wood wax oil is hand rubbed into the wood. It has almost no luster, looks more natural and has a more natural texture. The stepping feeling is almost infinitely close to the log.
The biggest advantage of oiled products is that it has an excellent stepping feeling, and it is the most environmentally friendly surface treatment method now, and it is easier to repair after the surface is scratched, but it needs maintenance every 6 months.

Antique craft
Antique craft floor is a craft of artificially making the floor old. It often appears at the same time as the drawing process. Although the antique floor has the word antique, in the actual decoration process, the antique floor is matched with modern home furnishings. The changes have given the home a sense of age in addition to being modern. Antique flooring is mostly the favorite of designers.
The advantage is that the design is full and the sensory contrast is very strong, but the surface of the drawing process will still feel a little rough compared to the handmade floor.

Pure handmade craftsmanship
The highest craftsmanship in the floor craft, the surface treatment is completely done by hand, and now only one floor manufacturer in Italy can produce it.

Floor crafts include not only the above crafting methods, but also hand-scratched floors, metallic paint floors, carbonized floors, etc., but since these crafts are outdated, we don’t need to elaborate.